I am happy that after many years of typing on the forums, we are now beginning to understand that we’re more than just a four-letter code and that there is actually a make-up to each type. An ENFP for example is not just those letters instead there is a basic method in how that type will use the functions with are set in place, i.e., Ne-Fi-Te-Si-Ni-Fe-Ti-Se. The discussions will continue in how the function placements will be for a certain type and people will continue to give their view of what a particular function does, but that debate is for another day.
What I would like to provide is a simple to use process that may help those still confused on their type, to get on the right path in determining your best fit type. I say best fit because even the MBTI foundation is starting to admit there is no sure fire means of determining one's type and there is no 100% accuracy.
It’s natural for someone that has become comfortable in knowing their dominant function, to remain confused on their actual type. For years I tested as, and thought I was, INTP. I knew that I dominated with Ti, but gave ISTP very little consideration because of my ability to use my intuition. After considerable reading and understanding the order of functions and how they work, I was finally able to determine my type using Dr. Linda V. Berens and Dario Nardi’s method. But remember nothing comes easy and this process calls for you to work on being objectively honest with yourself. This process will not be about testing or reading descriptions. It will be about you reflecting on how you are in lieu of circumstances or social expectations.
Determining Your Temperament
Contrary to popular belief temperament is not MBTI, and MBTI is not Jung’s work. The systems are completely independent of what another and attempts to correlate them are futile and only confuses us more. However using temperament as a tool, knowing and becoming comfortable with your most preferred temperament will allow you to narrow your choices of type and sometimes is the arbiter in determining whether you are ESFP/ENFP, ISTP/INTP, INTJ/IFNF etc. As you may have noticed I said temperament preference because we do use all four temperaments the same as we use all eight cognitive functions. But one of those temperaments will be differentiated the same as your dominant function. The question becomes which.
Okay I hate assessments in determining type but this assessment is different since it does not ask you to make a forced choice questions. You will depict each word or phrase representing a particular temperament against one another or other words and phrases until you have concluded which temperament is most preferred. The results will show which core values you most prefer and those you use in a secondary manner.
Instruction: When taking the test many of you with lack of work experience should simply consider how you are in school or during an activity that you feel most comfortable whether it be an extra-curricula activity like playing a team sport or being part of a band. Don’t just accept the results if you choose to take the test. Review the varied descriptions below to ascertain which you do naturally:Once you establish a temperament preference, try it on for size by reflecting on your day-to-day experiences and how you naturally respond to various institutions. Once you have an idea of which temperament you most likely prefer, the next process is establishing your interaction style.People of the Catalyst Temperament . . .
Want to be authentic, benevolent, and empathic. Search for identity, meaning, and significance. Are relationship oriented, particularly valuing meaningful relationships. Tend to be idealistic and visionary, wanting to make the world a better place. Look to the future. Trust their intuition, imagination, and impressions. Focus on developing potential, fostering and facilitating growth through coaching, teaching, counseling, and communicating. Generally are enthusiastic. Think in terms of integration and similarities and look for universals. Often are gifted in the use of metaphors to bridge different perspectives. Usually are diplomatic. Frequently are drawn to work that inspires and develops people and relationships.
The core needs are for the meaning and significance that come from having a sense of purpose and working toward some greater good. They need to have a sense of unique identity. They value unity, self-actualization, and authenticity. People of this temperament prefer cooperative interactions with a focus on ethics and morality. They tend to trust their intuition and impressions first and then seek to find the logic and the data to support them. Given their need for empathic relationships, they learn more easily when they can relate to the instructor and the group.
People of the Stabilizer Temperament . . .
Want to fit in, to have membership. Hunger for responsibility, accountability, and predictability. Tend to be generous, to serve, and to do their duty. Establish and maintain institutions and standard operating procedures. Tend to protect and preserve, to stand guard and warn. Look to the past and tradition. Foster acculturation with ceremonies and rules. Trust contracts and authority. Want security and stability. Think in terms of what is conventional, comparisons, associations, and discrete elements. Generally are serious, concerned, and fatalistic. Usually are skilled at ensuring that things, information, and people are in the right place, in the right amounts, in the right quality, at the right time. Frequently gravitate toward business and commerce.
The core needs are for group membership and responsibility. They need to know they are doing the responsible thing. They value stability, security, and a sense of community. They trust hierarchy and authority and may be surprised when others go against these social structures. People of this temperament prefer cooperative actions with a focus on standards and norms. Their orientation is to their past experiences, and they like things sequenced and structured. They tend to look for the practical applications of what they are learning.
People of the Theorist Temperament . . .
Want knowledge and to be competent, to achieve mastery. Seek expertise to understand how the world and things in it work. Are theory oriented. See everything as conditional and relative. Are oriented to the infinite. Trust logic and reason. Want to have a rationale for everything. Are skeptical. Think in terms of differences, delineating categories, definitions, structures, and functions. Hunger for precision, especially in thought and language. Usually are skilled at long-range planning, inventing, designing, and defining. Generally are calm. Foster individualism. Frequently gravitate toward technology and the sciences. Tend to be well suited for engineering and devising strategy, whether in the social sciences or physical sciences.
The core needs are for mastery of concepts, knowledge, and competence. People of this temperament want to understand the operating principles of the universe and to learn or even develop theories for everything. They value expertise, logical consistency, concepts, and ideas and seek progress. They tend toward pragmatic, utilitarian actions with a technology focus. They trust logic above all else. They tend to be skeptical and highly value precision in language. Their learning style is conceptual, and they want to know the underlying principles that generate the details and facts rather than the details alone.
People of the Improviser Temperament . . .
Want the freedom to choose the next act. Seek to have impact, to get results. Want to be graceful, bold, and impressive. Generally are excited and optimistic. Are absorbed in the action of the moment. Are oriented toward the present. Seek adventure and stimulation. Hunger for spontaneity. Trust impulses, luck, and their ability to solve any problem they run into. Think in terms of variation. Have a talent for noticing and describing rich detail, constantly seeking relevant information. Like freedom to move, festivities, and games. Tend to be natural negotiators. Seize opportunities. Usually are gifted tacticians, deciding the best move to make in the moment, the expedient action to take. Are frequently drawn to all kinds of work that requires variation on a theme.
The core needs are to have the freedom to act without hindrance and to see a marked result from action. People of this temperament highly value aesthetics, whether in nature or art. Their energies are focused on skillful performance, variety, and stimulation. They tend toward pragmatic, utilitarian actions with a focus on technique. They trust their impulses and have a drive to action. They learn best exponentially and when they see the relevance of what they are learning to what they are doing. They enjoy hands-on, applied learning with a fast pace and freedom to explore.
This method is based on the DiSC theory of how we prefer to socialize. Like temperament we also have a differentiated interaction style and one that we may call on due to circumstances and environmental influences. While on that subject it should be worth noting that due to societal expectations, gender can play a part in how you see yourself in this process. Remember: Males are expected to interact in a direct manner, so they may naturally gravitate toward the themes which prefer to be more direct (In Charge; Chart the Course), and females who have been raised to tone down their interactions with others and be “lady-like” may gravitate toward the themes that prefer to be more informational (Get Things Going; Behind the Scenes).
I would like to provide more information on both these processes, but I am taking liberties in providing this information without the approval of Telos Publications, so I am only providing information that you may be able to find on the internet. So read the themes below and determine which is your natural style of interacting with others:Here is an indicator that should give you an idea of your type:Chart-the-Course
The theme is having a course of action to follow. People of this style focus on knowing what to do and keeping themselves, the group, or the project on track. They prefer to enter a situation having an idea of what is to happen. They identify a process to accomplish a goal and have a somewhat contained tension as they work to create and monitor a plan. The aim is not the plan itself, but to use it as a guide to move things along toward the goal. Their informed and deliberate decisions are based on analyzing, outlining, conceptualizing or foreseeing what needs to be done.
Remember: These types have a course of action in mind beforehand; create a plan (or several workable plans); keep the group on track allowing for digressions as long as progress is being made; devise, define, describe, or real they way to achieve the vision; make deliberate decisions, checking against an already thought out process; focus on giving guidance and illumination so the right decision is made.
The theme is getting the best result possible. People of this style focus on understanding and working with the process to create a positive outcome. They see value in many contributions and consult outside inputs to make an informed decision. They aim to integrate various information sources and accommodate differing points of view. They approach others with a quiet, calm style that may not show their strong convictions. Producing, sustaining, defining, and clarifying are all ways they support a group's process. They typically have more patience than most with the time it takes to gain support through consensus for a project or to refine the result.
Remember: These types will do what it takes to get the best result possible; see value in contributions form many people or information sources; support the group’s process by allowing for digressions then refocusing on the desired outcome; reconcile many voices in communications of the vision; make consultative decisions, integrating many sources of input; focus on understating the process to get a high quality outcome.
The theme is getting things accomplished through people. People of this style are focused on results, often taking action quickly. They often have a driving energy with an intention to lead a group to the goal. They make decisions quickly to keep themselves and others on task, on target, and on time. They hate wasting time and having to back track. Mentoring, executing actions, supervising, and mobilizing resources are all ways they get things accomplished. They notice right away what is not working in a situation and become painfully aware of what needs to be fixed, healed, or corrected.
Remember: These types will get things accomplished (sometimes through people, but not always); take rapid action to get things done and move on to the next project; lead the group to the goal; articulate the vision and create an environment to achieve it; make quick decisions with confidence in what is needed; focus on getting desired results as soon as possible.
The theme is persuading and involving others. They thrive in facilitator or catalyst roles and aim to inspire others to move to action, facilitating the process. Their focus is on interaction, often with an expressive style. They Get-Things-Going™ with upbeat energy, enthusiasm, or excitement, which can be contagious. Exploring options and possibilities, making preparations, discovering new ideas, and sharing insights are all ways they get people moving along. They want decisions to be participative and enthusiastic, with everyone involved and engaged.
Remember: These types want to get everyone involved participating; move the group to action along their paths; facilitate the group’s process to work with the people where they are to get them to where they are going; get the energy moving toward an emerging vision; make enthusiastic. Collaborative decisions that ensure buy-in; focus on interactions to get more from the group than group members can do individually.That simple you may ask? Of course not, this process only assists in getting you on the right process, but you have to put in the work in getting to know yourself. We cannot tell you your type, only you can in getting to know yourself better.Catalyst (NF) Temperament
+ Chart the Course = INFJ
+ Behind the Scenes = INFP
+ In Charge = ENFJ
+ Get Things Going = ENFP
Stabilizer (SJ) Temperament
+ Chart the Course = ISTJ
+ Behind the Scenes = ISFJ
+ In Charge = ESTJ
+ Get Things Going = ESFJ
Theorist (NT) Temperament
+ Chart the Course = INTJ
+ Behind the Scenes = INTP
+ In Charge = ENTJ
+ Get Things Going = ENTP
Improviser (SP) Temperament
+ Chart the Course = ISTP
+ Behind the Scenes = ISFP
+ In Charge = ESTP
+ Get Things Going = ESFP