Original Source: http://socionic.info/pdf/as498.pdf
Note: This is based upon official MBTI Type, as determined by Type I/II/III
International Institute of Socionics
Socionics, typology of Jung and Myers-Briggs:
Similarities and differences
Analyzes the differences between the structure of psychological types of CG Jung, types of informational metabolism in socionics and the Myers-Briggs typology. It is shown that the Myers-Briggs typology, as opposed to socionics, is not derived directly from the Jung's typology. The reason for differences lies in a different understanding of mental work type functions and the introduction of feature JP, other than the proposed concepts Jung rationality-irrationality. However, differences in the concepts can be integrated into the 16-component model B type of information metabolism, including integration function - self. This model combines both introverted (Jung, Myers-Briggs) and extroverted (socionics) approaches to the analysis of psychological types.
Keywords: typology of Jung, Myers-Briggs, socionics, psychological types, 8th component model of type, 16-component model of type, self, information libido.
As is known, the theory of psychological types of CG Jung got its development in two different embodiments. In the West, the United States - a typology proposed by J. Briggs Myers in the East, the Soviet Union, and now in the CIS - a theory of informational metabolism (IM) - socionics developed A.Augustinavichiute (Lithuania) and is actively developing in recent years. Both of these trends have arisen independently of one another because of the "Iron Curtain", operate 16 types of personality, taking them out Jung's typology. And if the Myers-Briggs typology is only a literal development of the ideas of Jung and description 16 styles, socionics gives not just a description of the types of information metabolism, but also understanding internal information model of the mind in the form of 8-bit or 16-component models [1, 2]. At This unit socionic modeling allows to describe and Information the interaction between types of MI, ie. e. the relationship between them.
Jung himself proposed a very simple structure consisting of four mental functions, and American typology uses the same today Jung submission early 30-ies of XX century.
In reading specialists in sotsionike American typology quickly it became clear that the empirical description of the Myers-Briggs types coincide with the corresponding descriptions socionic types MI theory and practice. This interest in the achievements of the American socionists typology exhausted: it was obvious that the typology nothing could give sotsionike because of the scarcity of its theoretical baggage. Strictly speaking, the typology was (and is) in state before sotsioniki or relative socionics, at 1968, when A.Augustinavichiute He began developing his theory. Thus, the lag in the American concepts and typology methods is about 30 years. Nevertheless, due to a number of political and economic reasons, typology widespread in the West, especially the United States, it is used by millions of people. Therefore, from time to time there is a question of the relationship between the concepts of socionics and typology Myers Briggs, the degree of correctness of reference types MI with psychological types, these types of conformity types of CG Jung, and so.. In this article, I intend to highlight a number of key provisions, showing the similarities and differences between all three theories.
1. Jung Typology
The theory of psychological types of CG Jung is based on the concepts introduced by him psychological functions: the irrational - the opposite to her intuition and feeling and rational - thinking and an opposite feeling. In addition to that introduced Jung the concept of extraversion (treatment of libido (libido) - psychic energy - out) and introversion (Facing inward libido). Psychological functions can be both extraverted, and in introverted installation.
According to Jung, there are 8 basic psychological types (4 and 4 extraverted introverted) with a dominant psychological functions (intuition, feeling, thinking or feeling), and either extraverted or introverted installation consciousness.
Besides the basic functions, there is also a subsidiary. For the main irrational auxiliary function can only be one of rational functions, and vice versa. Thus Jung noted that several different psychological types by the way in which the type of auxiliary function (for example, the main function of the type of intuition with the auxiliary function of thinking different from the type of auxiliary function with feeling). This is the key to the 16 types that used Myers-Briggs and A.Augusta. Jung himself did not give further division great value.
Following the installation of consciousness discussed above, Jung described the installation and the unconscious. At the psychological type of installation of the unconscious opposite installation of consciousness. Thus, in introverted thinking type, Jung - archaic depressed Extraverted feeling, while sentient extraverted type setting is unconscious introverted intuitive.