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The Nine Types of Intelligence by Howard Gardner

1. Naturalist Intelligence (“Nature Smart”)

Designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations). This ability was clearly of value in our evolutionary past as hunters, gatherers, and farmers; it continues to be central in such roles as botanist or chef. It is also speculated that much of our consumer society exploits the naturalist intelligences, which can be mobilized in the discrimination among cars, sneakers, kinds of makeup, and the like.

2. Musical Intelligence (“Musical Smart”)

Musical intelligence is the capacity to discern pitch, rhythm, timbre, and tone. This intelligence enables us to recognize, create, reproduce, and reflect on music, as demonstrated by composers, conductors, musicians, vocalist, and sensitive listeners. Interestingly, there is often an affective connection between music and the emotions; and mathematical and musical intelligences may share common thinking processes. Young adults with this kind of intelligence are usually singing or drumming to themselves. They are usually quite aware of sounds others may miss.


3. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence (Number/Reasoning Smart)

Logical-mathematical intelligence is the ability to calculate, quantify, consider propositions and hypotheses, and carry out complete mathematical operations. It enables us to perceive relationships and connections and to use abstract, symbolic thought; sequential reasoning skills; and inductive and deductive thinking patterns. Logical intelligence is usually well developed in mathematicians, scientists, and detectives. Young adults with lots of logical intelligence are interested in patterns, categories, and relationships. They are drawn to arithmetic problems, strategy games and experiments.

4. Existential Intelligence


Sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence, such as the meaning of life, why do we die, and how did we get here.

5. Interpersonal Intelligence (People Smart”)

Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand and interact effectively with others. It involves effective verbal and nonverbal communication, the ability to note distinctions among others, sensitivity to the moods and temperaments of others, and the ability to entertain multiple perspectives. Teachers, social workers, actors, and politicians all exhibit interpersonal intelligence. Young adults with this kind of intelligence are leaders among their peers, are good at communicating, and seem to understand others’ feelings and motives.

6. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence (“Body Smart”)

Bodily kinesthetic intelligence is the capacity to manipulate objects and use a variety of physical skills. This intelligence also involves a sense of timing and the perfection of skills through mind–body union. Athletes, dancers, surgeons, and craftspeople exhibit well-developed bodily kinesthetic intelligence.

7. Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart)

Linguistic intelligence is the ability to think in words and to use language to express and appreciate complex meanings. Linguistic intelligence allows us to understand the order and meaning of words and to apply meta-linguistic skills to reflect on our use of language. Linguistic intelligence is the most widely shared human competence and is evident in poets, novelists, journalists, and effective public speakers. Young adults with this kind of intelligence enjoy writing, reading, telling stories or doing crossword puzzles.

8. Intra-personal Intelligence (Self Smart”)

Intra-personal intelligence is the capacity to understand oneself and one’s thoughts and feelings, and to use such knowledge in planning and directioning one’s life. Intra-personal intelligence involves not only an appreciation of the self, but also of the human condition. It is evident in psychologist, spiritual leaders, and philosophers. These young adults may be shy. They are very aware of their own feelings and are self-motivated.

9. Spatial Intelligence (“Picture Smart”)

Spatial intelligence is the ability to think in three dimensions. Core capacities include mental imagery, spatial reasoning, image manipulation, graphic and artistic skills, and an active imagination. Sailors, pilots, sculptors, painters, and architects all exhibit spatial intelligence. Young adults with this kind of intelligence may be fascinated with mazes or jigsaw puzzles, or spend free time drawing or daydreaming.


Source: Overview of the Multiple Intelligences Theory. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development and Thomas Armstrong.com




My comment : I am quite sure that I have plenty of linguistic intelligence and existential intelligence

Although my instincts are highly developed, I'd really like to have MORE of intra-personal intelligence and interpersonal intelligence. I definitely want to be a master in those areas! Anyone here is free to guide me in those aspects too, feel free to do so!
 

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My highest intelligences are probably Emotional, Existential, Linguistic, Intrapersonal, and Spatial, though I am also somewhat Logical-Mathematical, Interpersonal, Musical, and Naturalist. My worst would be Bodily-Kinesthetic by far.

Personally, I prefer Sternberg's theory of intelligence. He suggests three kinds of intelligence:
Analytical - (Logical-Mathematical)
Creative - (Art and Novelty)
Practical - (Everyday intelligence) - This applies to social and kinesthetic intelligences.

It speaks to me because growing up, I had WAY TOO MUCH Creative intelligence, greater than average Analytical intelligence, and then dismal Practical intelligence, even compared to just my peer group. My peers always thought I was stupid, and I always thought they were.
 

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I always score really highly on Linguistic and Musical intelligences, would like more interpersonal skills though, especially as I want to be a therapist! :tongue:
 

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I score highly on Bodily-Kinesthetic, Intrapersonal, and Musical. Interpersonal is usually my lowest. I probably should work on it...
 

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Interpersonal Intelligence is probably my strongest, I get told all the time I'm just good with people and understanding everyone, next would be Linguistic even though, in my opinion, is not as useful as some of the other ones if you're not really into literature so much...
 

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Let me check my sig on this first.

OK, I see logical, verbal/linguistic and intrapersonal are my highest scoring items.
I feel that is a little high on verbal, I don't think I am that good at it, although linguistic I can believe. Logical is hardly a surprise.

In all, I pretty much agree with my scores.
 

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I am mostly intelligent in musical, intrapersonal, and spatial. I would like to have more existential, linguistic, interpersonal and kinesthic intelligence.

In fact, I'll have to retake the personality type test and the multi-intelligence test because I feel I've changed a lot, so we'll see how the results come up. ^.^
 

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Well, I took the multiple intelligence test that sarek took, and scored high on Intrapersonal, Linguistic, and Musical in that order.

I'd like to have more Interpersonal intelligence the most, followed by Logical-Mathematical Intelligence (Math FFFFFFFFFFF).
 

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ihave the most(in this order): Naturalist, verbal linguistic, and intrapersonal. i have the least interpersonal, Musical and logical mathematical intelligence. i don't think i'd want to change any of that i like the way i"operate"already!
 

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According to an Internet test under the direction of the BBC, my highest intelligence is intrapersonal (which I agree with) with spiritual/existential intelligence being a close second. I would love more spiritual intelligence, just so I can truly feel I have a chance to learn the exciting mysteries of the universe. Other than that I would opt for logical because mathmatics is beautiful to me, I just wish it was a beautiful art I could understand, appreciate and comprehend.
 

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In order of decreasing aptitude: Existential, Linguistic, Spatial, Intra-personal, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Musical, Naturalist, Interpersonal, and last and least Logical-Mathematical.

I'd prefer more of musical and linguistic. Yes, I fancy myself a bard.
 

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Intrapersonal, but I am going to try and find a test to see if my guess is right. Wait a second! I already took the test, just have to find it in the 1000s of threads at PerCafe.

Ah yes, from a thread from 2010:

Top 3:
a. 8 Intra-personal
b. 4 Existential
c. 1 Naturalist

Low 3:
a. 2
b. 6
c. 3
 

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1. Intrapersonal
2. Language
3. Musical

For language and musical, I like analyzing more than creating new material. Of course Bodily-Kinesthetic was the lowest. I find it strange how people expect me to be good at crafts because I like to draw. Crafts are hard when you have weak Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence...
 

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As far as I remember, I scored highest on Intrapersonal. I also scored high on Linguistic, Visual, and Naturalistic. I don't often see myself as having very strong linguistic intelligence (as far as articulating goes), but perhaps it's reflected in my enjoyment of listening to others talk, interpreting lyrics in songs, or listening to audiobooks.

I scored lowest on Spatial.

I also don't remember there being an "Existential" intelligence, so it's possible I'm thinking of a different theory.

Edit: I also spelled "spatial" wrong--so there goes my linguistic intelligence. lol

I had to learn about this and test it in a college class a long time ago, and I'm just recalling my results and what I learned there.

I also notice there is not "Visual" in OP, but that it appears to be combined with Spatial. So this is different, as I tend to be a visual person, but have trouble with measurements of space and volume.
 
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