Midnight in Paris' 1920 might come close enough. And I believe a few scenes towards the end are set in the late 1800's as well. Uhm... Dostoyevsky's The Idiot (written in 1869) was made into a Russian mini-series, so you might want to check that out. The masterpiece Amadeus is late 1700's unfortunately - but perhaps you can cheat a little bit in case your interest is merely leisurely.
The Duelist(1977) it begins in 1800 and ends after the restoration. Its pretty much just a series of fight scenes.
The Liberator(2014), its about Simon Bolivar(1783-1830)*. Its been a while since I've seen it and that was before I looked into South American independence; also I was about to fall asleep and subtitles, but from what I remember it was good.
As a side note there are so many amazing stories in the history of South American independence that would make fantastic movies; seriously where else are you going to get independence wars, cowboy warlords, and a opium induced march across the Andes.
Surely the classic film for this time period would have to be War and Peace. I've only seen bits and pieces of it, but I remember it beginning shortly before Austerlitz(1805), then their was as seen about the Treaty of Tilsit, and of course the 1812 invasion and Borodino(1812)