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Discussion Starter #1
Post an article or any related topic about Health and Fitness from other source.

7 Health Reasons to Hydrate---How Water and Health Are Connected

Brain Staying hydrated keeps your memory sharp, your mood stable and your motivation intact. When you're well-hydrated, you can also think through a problem more easily. Researchers hypothesize that not having enough water could reduce oxygen flow to the brain or temporarily shrink neurons-or being thirsty could simply distract you.

Mouth Water keeps your throat and lips moist and prevents your mouth from feeling dry. Dry mouth can cause bad breath and/or an unpleasant taste-and can even promote cavities.

Heart Dehydration lowers your blood volume, so your heart must work harder to pump the reduced amount of blood and get enough oxygen to your cells, which makes everyday activities like walking up stairs-as well as exercise-more difficult.

Bloodstream Your body releases heat by expanding blood vessels close to the skin's surface (this is why your face gets red during exercise), resulting in more blood flow and more heat dissipated into the air. When you're dehydrated, however, it takes a higher environmental temperature to trigger blood vessels to widen, so you stay hotter.

Limbs When you're well hydrated, the water inside and outside the cells of contracting muscles provides adequate nutrients and removes waste efficiently so you perform better. Water is also important for lubricating joints. Contrary to popular belief, muscle cramps do not appear to be related to dehydration, but, instead, to muscle fatigue, according to Sam Cheuvront, Ph.D., an exercise physiologist for the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine.

Skin When a person is severely dehydrated, skin is less elastic. This is different than dry skin, which is usually the result of soap, hot water and exposure to dry air. And, no, unfortunately, drinking lots of water won't prevent wrinkles.

Kidneys Your kidneys need water to filter waste from the blood and excrete it in urine. Keeping hydrated may also help prevent urinary tract infections and kidney stones. If you are severely dehydrated, your kidneys may stop working, causing toxins to build up in your body.


Source: 7 Health Reasons to Hydrate---How Water and Health Are Connected Photos | 7 Health Reasons to Hydrate---How Water and Health Are Connected Pictures - Yahoo! She Philippines
 

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Discussion Starter #2
To eat or not to eat egg, that is the question


For years, we grew up with the knowledge that eating egg yolks increased one's risk of heart attack and stroke.

But sometime in the 1990s, this idea was labeled as a "myth" by the Health Professionals Follow-up Study and the Nurse's Health Study. Both researches stated that consuming one egg per day had little or no impact on cardiovascular health. The world rejoiced and proceeded to have their omelets and sunny-side ups.

Today, the tables have turned 180-degrees.


Decreases blood flow to vital organs

Dr. J. David Spence of the Robarts Research Institute in London has data to show that lifelong consumption of egg yolks increased the development of blocked arteries in patients at risk of heart disease.

The results showed the formation of blood vessel plaques measuring 125 mm2 for patients consuming less than 2 eggs per week. The plaque size increased to 132 mm2 for subjects who ate 3 or more egg yolks per week.

The vascular plaques are responsible for decreasing the blood flow to vital organs like the heart and the brain. Continuous increase in diameter of these plaques will eventually lead to total blockage of blood flow causing a heart attack or a stroke.

Dr. Spence further points out that a single egg yolk contains 275 mg of cholesterol, which is more than the recommended daily allowance for cholesterol of 200 mg a day.



Dispute

The Egg Nutrition Center in the U.S. is not impressed by these results. Their executive director, Dr. Mitch Kanter says the study "is not well done" He says the subjects were all elderly and were naturally at higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

Dr. Spence expected this criticism from the egg Industry and replies, " Every time a paper like this comes out … the egg marketers come out with their own statements. No wonder the public is confused."

This debate will go on and on with no end in sight.

The "egg magnates" have millions to lose if this latest data proves true while Dr. Spence has nothing to gain but the good health and well-being of his patients.

What else can be said but … "let the buyer beware."


***


Source: To eat or not to eat egg, that is the question - Yahoo! She Philippines
 

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Good thing I enjoy my egg-white omelet with peanut butter and chili powder after I work out! :crazy:
 

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Just half-hour jog may make you smarter 'by boosting energy levels in brain'London, March 2 (ANI): It is well known that exercise increases our fitness levels by making the muscles more resistant to fatigue.

Past research has found exercise spurs the birth of new mitochondria - structures in the cells that produce the body's energy - in the muscles.
This process increases your fitness endurance while reducing the risk of obesity.
Now, a team from the University of South Carolina have revealed that a regular gym session could sharpen the mind in exactly the same way.
They have found that regular treadmill sessions also give a boost to the cell's powerhouses in the brain.
Research leader, Dr Mark Davis said this energy boost helped the brain to work faster and more efficiently.
"The evidence is accumulating rapidly that exercise keeps the brain younger," the Daily Mail quoted Dr Davis as telling Scientific American.
In the short term he said this could reduce mental fatigue and sharpen your thinking in between gym sessions.
He added that building up a large reservoir of mitochondria in the brain could also create a 'buffer' against age-related brain diseases such as Alzheimer's.he researchers came to their conclusions after a study, published in The Journal of Applied Physiology, on a group of mice.
Half of the mice were exercised on a small treadmill for half an hour a day while the other half were left to lounge in their cages.
Unsurprisingly they found after eight weeks that the running mice could exercise for 126 minutes before they tired, while the sedentary mice could only manage 74 minutes.
However, tissue samples revealed the running mice also had a surge in mitochondrial development in the brain, with evidence of both new mitochrondria and increased signaling between the brain cells.
Dr Davis said although it was an animal study, it was reasonable to assume the same process 'occurs in human brains'.
He added that a 30-minute jog was the human equivalent to the workout that the mice completed. (ANI)
 

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World Renown Heart Surgeon Speaks Out On What Really Causes Heart Disease

A heart surgeon who's performed 5000 open heart surgeries thinks the medical community got it wrong on what causes heart disease. It's not high cholesterol in the blood. That's an indirect cause. The real cause of heart disease is chronic inflammation. Why does Dr. Lundell think this?

"While you may not be able to see it, rest assured it is there. I saw it in over 5,000 surgical patients spanning 25 years who all shared one common denominator -- inflammation in their arteries."

Please read the article if you or someone you know has heart disease. The 2 major causes of inflammation are, an imbalance of omega 6 to omega 3 fatty acids and too much sugar in the diet.

"Blood sugar is controlled in a very narrow range. Extra sugar molecules attach to a variety of proteins that in turn injure the blood vessel wall. This repeated injury to the blood vessel wall sets off inflammation. When you spike your blood sugar level several times a day, every day, it is exactly like taking sandpaper to the inside of your delicate blood vessels."
 

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OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS

There are many health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids. Research shows strong evidence that the omega-3s EPA and DHA can boost heart health and lower triglycerides. And there are studies showing that omega-3 fatty acids may help with other conditions -- rheumatoid arthritis, depression, and many more.


Just what are omega-3 fatty acids exactly? How much do you need? And what do all those abbreviations -- EPA, DHA, and ALA -- really mean?

Here's a rundown of the essential omega-3 facts you need to know.


Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Basics


  • Omega-3 fatty acids are considered essential fatty acids. We need them for our bodies to work normally. Because essential fatty acids (ALA,DHA,EPA) are not made in the body or are inefficiently converted from ALA to EPA and DHA, we need to get them from our diet .
  • Omega-3s have a number of health benefits. Omega-3s are thought to play an important role in reducing inflammation throughout the body -- in the blood vessels, the joints, and elsewhere. However, omega-3 supplements (EPA/DHA) may cause the blood to thin and cause excess bleeding, particularly in people taking anticoagulant drugs.
  • There are several types of omega-3 fatty acids. Two crucial ones -- EPA and DHA -- are primarily found in certain fish. Plants like flax contain ALA, an omega-3 fatty acid that is partially converted into DHA and EPA in the body. Algae oil often provides only DHA.
  • Experts say that DHA and EPA -- from fish and fish oil -- have better established health benefits than ALA. DHA and EPA are found together only in fatty fish and algae. DHA can also be found on its own in algae, while flaxseed and plant sources of omega-3s provide ALA -- a precursor to EPA and DHA, and a source of energy.


Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Benefits


  • Blood fat [triglycerides]. According to a number of studies, fish oil supplements can also cut elevated triglyceride levels. Having high levels of this blood fat is a risk factor for heart disease. DHA alone has also been shown to lower triglycerides.
  • Cardiovascular health. Omega-3 fatty acids appear to lower the overall risk of death from heart disease. Fish oil may reduce arrhythmias, and people who take fish oil supplements after a heart attack cut their risk of having another heart attack. Eating fish once or twice a week seems to significantly lower the risk of stroke.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. A number of studies have found that fish oil supplements [EPA+DHA] significantly reduced stiffness and joint pain. Omega-3 supplements also seem to boost the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Depression. Researchers have found that cultures that eat foods with high levels of omega-3s have lower levels of depression. Fish oil also seems to boost the effects of antidepressants. Fish oil may help reduce the depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder.
  • Prenatal health. Studies show that EPA and DHA supplementation during pregnancy boost the health of pregnant women and the development of their children. DHA appears to be important for visual and neurological development in infants.
  • Asthma. Evidence suggests that a diet high in omega 3s reduces inflammation, a key component in asthma. However, more studies are needed to show if fish oil supplements improve lung function or reduce the amount of medication a person needs to control their disease.
  • ADHD. Some studies show that fish oil can reduce the symptoms of ADHD in some children and improve their cognitive function. However, more research is needed in this area, and omega-3 supplements as a primary treatment for this disorder are not supported by research.
  • Alzheimer's disease and dementia. The evidence is preliminary, but some research suggests that omega-3s may help protect against Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Recent studies have also evaluated whether the omega-3 supplement DHA can slow the decline seen in those with Alzheimer's dementia or in age-associated memory impairment. One recent study showed that DHA can be a beneficial supplement and may have a positive effect on gradual memory loss associated with aging. However, more research needs to be done.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Omega-3s and Omega-6s


  • You may have heard about the importance of having a healthy balance of omega-3s with another fatty acid, omega-6s. Omega-6s are found in many oils, meats, and processed foods.
  • Many experts believe that most people in the U.S. are eating far too many omega-6s and far too few omega-3 fatty acids. They argue that this imbalance may be causing many chronic diseases.
  • However, other experts disagree. They don't believe the ratio of omega-6s to omega-3s is actually significant. They also argue that the health benefits of omega-6s are being ignored.
  • For now, the full implications aren't clear. But the bottom line is simple. Whether the ratio turns out to matter or not, increasing your intake of omega-3 fatty acids is still a good thing.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Food Sources


  • When possible, try to get omega-3 fatty acids from foods rather than supplements.
  • Fish high in DHA and EPA omega-3 fatty acids include anchovies, bluefish, herring, mackerel, salmon (wild has more omega-3s than farmed), sardines, sturgeon, lake trout, and tuna. Many experts recommend eating these fish two to three times a week.
  • Good food sources of ALA -- which is converted into omega-3 fatty acids in the body -- include walnuts, flax and flaxseed oil, canola oil, olive oil, and soybean oil.
  • While foods containing omega-3 fatty acids have health benefits, some -- like oils and nuts -- can be high in calories. So eat them in moderation.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Supplements


  • If you decide to use a supplement, discuss this treatment with your doctor first to make sure you are getting the benefits you need.
  • Experts usually recommend 1 gram (1,000 milligrams) of DHA and EPA combined from fish oil daily for those with heart disease. People with certain health conditions may take doses of up to 4 grams a day -- but only under a doctor's supervision.
  • The most common side effect from fish oil is indigestion and gas. Getting a supplement with an enteric coating might help.
  • In high doses -- 3 grams and above -- omega-3 supplements (EPA/DHA) can increase the risk of bleeding. People with bleeding conditions -- or who take medicines that could increase bleeding, like Coumadin, Plavix, Effient, Brilinta, and some painkillers -- should talk to a doctor before using any omega-3 supplements. Bleeding-related complications are separate effects for EPA and DHA. DHA has not been associated with bleeding problems.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Tips


  • Choose the right fish. While eating more fatty fish is a good idea, some are more likely to have higher levels of mercury, PCBs, or other toxins. These include wild swordfish, tilefish, and shark. Farm-raised fish of any type may also have higher levels of contaminants. Children and pregnant women should avoid these fish entirely. Everyone else should eat no more than 7 ounces of these fish a week. Smaller fish like wild trout and wild salmon are safer.
  • Consider eating more free-range poultry and beef. Free-range animals have much higher levels of omega-3s than typical, grain-fed animals.
  • Consider a supplement like fish oil capsules or algae oil. Fish oil contains both EPA and DHA. Algae oil contains DHA and may be a good option for those not tolerant to fish or for vegetarians.
  • Talk to your doctor before using a supplement. Before you start using any supplement, you should always talk it over with your doctor. He or she may have specific recommendations -- or warnings -- depending on your health and the other medicines you take.

Source: webmd
 

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A Misleading Vitamin D3 and Influenza Study

There was an article that came out in the October 3, 2012 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association titled:
Effect of Vitamin D3 Supplementation on Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Healthy Adults: The VIDARIS Randomized Controlled Trial

This study found that vitamin D3 provided no protection from the flu. The sample size is 322 subjects. One group was given Vitamin D3 and the other group given a placebo. Unfortunately, the study chose a lousy group of subjects and here's why:

1) 163 subjects did not get a flu vaccine (This is excellent.), but 159 did get a flu vaccine (lousy experimental design). The flu vaccine is an interference, an extra variable that should not have been introduced since it does the same thing as Vitamin D3.

2) These are health workers and only 125 of them did not have any exposure to patients (sick people). This is another variable that didn't need to be in the study, since health workers are exposed to the flu virus at a much higher rate than the average person.

3) Finally, 241 out of 322 of the test subjects were female, so the study is heavily skewed towards females and it may not accurately reflect how males respond to Vitamin D3

I would therefore urge everyone to continue taking Vitamin D3 for colds and the flu since an earlier Japanese study of children found that it did cut the incidence of the flu in half. (Urashima et al., Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2010, 91: 1255-60)
 

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Megavitamin Arthritis Treatment

I found this link in a book review discussion about arthritis treatments.
THE COMMON FORM OF JOINT DYSFUNCTION

This is a 1949 study by a Dr. William Kaufman on the use of niacinamide (vitamin B3) in the treatment of arthritis. It's a remarkable study if the results are true. Dr. Kaufman treats patients with arthritis using about 900mg niacinamide/day and the patients see tremendous improvement in joint mobility and alleviation of pain in as little as 100 days. Eleven case histories are listed in this study.

"CASE B. No.147, female, age 61, housewife, married.

She has had joint discomfort for many years, and moderate deformities of the fingers for at least 10 years. Six to seven years ago she first noticed severe pain in her hip joints. Her knees are very stiff. All her life she has had curvature of the spine, and has had a good deal of pain in the back. Recently she has had increased fatigability and insomnia.

Physical Examination: She looks older than her stated age. B.P. 140/80. Wt. 159 ½ lbs.
Ht. 65 inches. She has tenderness on digital pressure over the sternum, medial epicondyles, iliac crest, trochanter, styloid process of the radius, sacroiliac joints. Marked kyphoscoliosis is noted. Her tongue shows evidences of infiltration and atrophy of papillae. The edge of the liver, which is one finger's breadth below the rib margin in the right mid-clavicular line on deep inspiration, is tender to palpation. Bony prominences of the lower extremities are hyperpallesthetic to the tuning fork. Tickle sense is absent. Plantar dysesthesia is present.
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Thus, in a period of almost two years, this patient's Joint Range Index rose from 68.2 (severe joint dysfunction) to 92.8 (slight joint dysfunction). It is anticipated that with continuously adequate niacinamide therapy, she will in time achieve a Joint Range Index of 96-100 (no joint dysfunction)."
 

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Boron and Arthritis

Is Boron deficiency the cause of arthritis? In countries with high boron content in the soil (and hence the food), the incidence of arthritis is low; in countries with low boron consumption, there is much arthritis.

Jamaica: <1 mg estimated intake of boron : 70% of the population has arthritis
Mauritius: <1 mg estimated intake of boron: 50% of the population has arthritis
USA/Australia: 1-2 mg intake of boron: 20% has arthritis
Transkei, South Africa: 3-5 mg intake of boron: 3-4% with arthritis
Carnarvon, West Australia: 6-10 mg intake of boron: 1% have arthritis
Israel: 5-8 mg intake of boron: 1% have arthritis
Ngawha, New Zealand: >10 mg intake of boron: none have arthritis

Now before you start taking boron supplements, please look into drug interactions and side effects.
 

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What is the acai berry?

The acai berry is an inch-long reddish, purple fruit. It comes from the acai palm tree (Euterpe oleracea), which is native to Central and South America.
Research on the acai berry has focused on its possible antioxidant activity. Theoretically, that activity may help prevent diseases caused by oxidative stress such as heart disease and cancer.

Is the acai berry healthy?

Acai contains several substances called anthocyanins and flavonoids.
The word anthocyanin comes from two Greek words meaning “plant” and “blue.” Anthocyanins are responsible for the red, purple, and blue hues in many fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Foods that are richest in anthocyanins -- such as blueberries, red grapes, red wine, and acai -- are very strongly colored, ranging from deep purple to black.
Anthocyanins and flavonoids are powerful antioxidants that help defend the body against life's stressors. They also play a role in the body's cell protection system. Free radicals are harmful byproducts produced by the body. Eating a diet rich in antioxidants may interfere with aging and the disease process by neutralizing free radicals.
By lessening the destructive power of free radicals, antioxidants may help reduce the risk of some diseases, such as heart disease and cancer.

Are there known health benefits of acai berries?

Some studies show that acai fruit pulp has a very high antioxidant capacity with even more antioxidant content than cranberry, raspberry, blackberry, strawberry, or blueberry. Studies are ongoing, though, and the jury is still out.
People eat acai berries to address various health conditions. But so far, acai berries have no known health benefit that’s any different than that of other similar fruits.

Can acai berries boost weight loss?

Scientists are learning more about the functional power of superfoods, such as the acai berry. Although acai is touted in some weight loss products, few studies have tested the benefit of acai in promoting weight loss.
For now, plenty of research supports eating a diet rich in antioxidants. There’s no doubt that berries and other fruits are a key part of any healthy diet promoting weight loss. The jury’s still out on whether there is something special about acai’s ability to shed excess pounds.

Why are acai berries used in beauty products?

Some cosmetics and beauty products contain acai oil in the ingredient list. That’s because acai oil is a powerhouse of antioxidants.
Studies show that acai oil may be a safe alternative to other tropical oils used in beauty products such as facial and body creams, anti-aging skin therapies, shampoos and conditioners, and other products. When acai oil is processed and stored long-term, the antioxidant levels remain high.

Do acai berries and acai juice have any side effects?

If you have pollen allergies or have a known hypersensitivity to acai or similar berries, you may want to avoid this fruit. When eaten in moderate amounts, though, acai is likely safe.
 

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Discussion Starter #11
Prevent Dry Skin Now






Dry skin can be quite unflattering. Not only does it look dull, it’s also more prone to irritation, sun spots, and premature wrinkles. Get healthy, smooth skin with these five tips!

1. Drink more water.

You are what you eat—and drink. Healthy skin starts from the inside, so hydrate by drinking no less than eight glasses of water a day. Drink more water if you’re exercising, or supplement with a beverage that’s rich in electrolytes. Don’t rely on “thirst,” as being thirsty already means your body is already on its way to being dehydrated! Avoid diuretics like caffeine and alcohol.

2. Cut down on hot showers.
It may feel divine, but hot showers actually strip your skin of natural oil barriers that help trap in moisture. If you really must indulge in a hot shower, keep it short and sweet (five minutes is more than enough). Pat—never rub!—your body with a dry towel after. Then apply lotion all over the body to seal in moisture from your shower.

Also read: 8 Ways To Keep Wrinkles At Bay

3. Don’t use harsh soaps.
Soaps that have heavy fragrances, or claim to be antibacterial, are loaded with chemicals that can strip your skin of its natural moisture. Stick to a white, fragrance-free soap with moisturizers. Go easy on toners, as well. Try to use an alcohol-free one to avoid skin irritation.

4. Wear sunscreen.

The sun’s UV rays contain free radicals that break down healthy skin cells. The result? Premature wrinkles, sun spots, and dry, flaky skin. Always put on sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30, and use make-up that’s infused with SPF as well.

Also read: How SPF Really Works

5. Shave with care.
Shaving not only removes unwanted hair: it also removes your skin’s natural oils. The best time to shave is after a shower. Never “dry shave”—always use a shaving cream or gel, and shave in the direction of hair growth. And change your razor often!




Prevent Dry Skin Now
 

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Grapefruit May Help Cure Cancer




A cure for some cancers may be found right on your breakfast table. Huang-Ge Zhang, a professor of microbiology and immunology at the University of Louisville, has recently discovered how to safely treat patients with cancer-fighting antibodies using cells found in grapefruits.


A grapefruit's nanoparticles, which has been penned grapefruit derived nanovector's (GNV's) in the study, are developed by the extraction of its lipids, and Zhang and his team found that they serve as a less harmful vehicle for delivering anti-cancer antibodies for treatment.


Zhang, his partner Qilong Wang, and their team of researchers published their findings in Nature Communications on May 21, and outlined their findings during a study of a trial treatment for colon cancer. The trial showed that there were no toxicity effects, such as nausea or fatigue, on the patients during the treatment and that using the grapefruit's nanoparticles was a less harmful, all-natural way to treat cancer.


Zhang strongly believes that treatment delivery methods for curing patients should be risk-free and delivered through natural lipids as opposed to synthetic ones, which is currently the most common variation of nanoparticles. When asked why he believed that grapefruit could help cure cancer, Zhang told the school's newspaper, University of Louisville today, "The fruits and vegetables we buy from the grocery today were passed down from generation to generation as favorable and nutritious for the human body. On the flip side, outcomes were not favorable for our ancestors who ate poisonous mushrooms..."



Also read: Grapefruit, Fennel, and Feta Salad Recipe




Grapefruit May Help Cure Cancer
 

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GRAPEFRUITS

Grapefruit is a citrus fruit. People use the fruit, oil from the peel, and extracts from the seed as medicine. Grapefruit seed extract is processed from grapefruit seeds and pulp obtained as a byproduct from grapefruit juice production. Vegetable glycerin is added to the final product to reduce acidity and bitterness.


Grapefruit juice is used for high cholesterol, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), cancer, a skin disease called psoriasis, and for weight loss and obesity.


Grapefruit seed extract is taken by mouth for bacterial, viral, and fungal infections including yeast infections.


Grapefruit oil is applied to the skin for muscle fatigue, hair growth, toning the skin, and for acne and oily skin. It is also used for the common cold and flu (influenza).


Grapefruit seed extract is applied to the skin as a facial cleanser, first-aid treatment, remedy for mild skin irritations, and as a vaginal douche for vaginal yeast infections (candidiasis). It is also used as an ear or nasal rinse for preventing and treating infections; as a gargle for sore throats; and a dental rinse for preventing gingivitis and promoting healthy gums; and as a breath freshener.


Some people inhale grapefruit vapors to help the body retain water, for headache, stress, and depression. Grapefruit seed extract vapor has also been inhaled for the treatment of lung infections.


In food and beverages, grapefruit is consumed as a fruit, juice, and is used as a flavoring component.


In manufacturing, grapefruit oil and seed extract are used as a fragrance component in soaps and cosmetics; and as a household cleaner for fruits, vegetables, meats, kitchen surfaces, dishes, etc.


In agriculture, grapefruit seed extract is used to kill bacteria and fungus, fight mold growth, kill parasites in animal feeds, preserve food and disinfect water.


It’s important to remember that drug interactions with grapefruit juice are well documented. The chemistry of the grapefruit varies by the species, the growing conditions, and the process used to extract the juice. Before adding grapefruit to your diet or your list of natural medicines, check with your healthcare provider if you take medications.


How does it work?
Grapefruit is a source of vitamin C, fiber, potassium, pectin, and other nutrients. Some components might have antioxidant effects that might help protect cells from damage or reduce cholesterol.


It is not clear how the oil might work for medicinal uses.
 

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Vitamin D reduces the incidence of Type I diabetes over 80% in Finnish children.Wow, I was shocked when I found that out. This is a study published in Lancet (Nov 3, 2001, Vol 358, p. 1500-1503.) The title of the study is called "Intake of vitamin D and risk of type 1 diabetes: a birth-cohort study" by Elina Hypponen et al.

This is a 30 year study that followed 10,366 children. The researchers looked at the effect of vitamin D supplementation in the first year of life on the development of type I diabetes.

The recommended dose is defined as 2000 IU; a low dose is less than 2000 IU and a high dose is defined as greater than 2000 IU.

Here are the results:

Use of Vitamin D - - - - - - Number of kids developing Type I Diabetes - - - -Percentage
None - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 out of 32 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.25%
Low Dose - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 out of 71 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.82%
Recommended Dose - - - - 63 out of 8,582 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.73%
High Dose - - - - - - - - - - - 2 out of 434 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.46%

Those kids taking a high dose of vitamin D (>2000 IU) were 13.6 times less likely to develop Type I diabetes. Startling numbers.Why are the numbers taking no vitamin D so low? Only 32? Yep, Finland has the highest incidence of diabetes in the world and I think it's national policy to give babies vitamin D supplements.
 

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High fiving this thread, @Regina! :proud:
 

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Discussion Starter #18
Five Acne Myths





Think you’re past that awkward, acne-ridden stage you had as a teen? Think again. The fact is, zits happen when our body produces excess sebum, the natural oils of the skin, which can clog our pores. Add dead skin cells in the mix, and you get a whitehead, which could turn into a blackhead, which then becomes a pimple (thanks, Mother Nature!)

Adult acne is very much a fact of life, and you can thank the fluctuation of hormones (which cause the body to produce more sebum) for that! This excess sebum in turn clogs your pores, which can then turn into a pimple. Because of this, everyday occurrences can cause acne…from your daily commute to work (pollution, dirt, and oil can clog your pores), to your sleeping habits (turning in before taking off your makeup? You’re clogging your pores, thus asking for a massive breakout!).

Armed with these little nuggets of info, let’s go on to debunk the top five acne myths you most probably still believe in.

1. Peanuts can cause acne.
Unless you have a peanut allergy that causes you to break out, peanuts (or other fried foods) won’t cause pimples. Some doctors believe that a high fat, high sugar diet can cause an increase in sebum production—coupled with the fact that eating too much greasy, fatty foods can displace other nutrients that are critical for healthy skin (read: eating a serving of crispy pata might mean you’d say “no” to a platter of fruits and vegetables.)

2. Chocolate will make you break out.
Quite the opposite, really. When taken in small amounts (read: not the entire box), dark chocolate may be good for the skin. That’s because it contains flavonoids called catechin and procyanidin, which act as antioxidants. These antioxidants prevent free radicals from breaking down healthy skin cells. So why does chocolate get such a bad rap? Women usually crave for milk or white chocolate when it’s “that time of the month,” when their estrogen levels drop and androgen levels spike up. And unlike dark chocolate, milk and white chocolates contain too much dairy, sugar, and additives, making it less beneficial than dark chocolate.

Also read:
4 Ways To Brighten Up Your Skin Instantly

3. The sun can get rid of acne.

Unfortunately, it can’t. It can, however, give you a tan, which can camouflage a pimple. Said tan can also speed up your skin’s aging process, giving your premature wrinkles, and ups the chances for you to get skin cancer. People believe that the sun’s drying, burning effect on the skin can “burn” a pimple out. But why expose yourself to harmful UVA and UVB rays to get a partially “burnt” pimple?

4. Prevent pimples by washing your face often.

Wash your face twice a day. Any more and you can irritate and dry out your skin. What’s more, excessive washing strips your skin of oil—prompting your sebum glands to work overtime to compensate for the lack of moisture. Excess sebum = higher chances of acne.

Also read: How To Banish 'Bacne'

5. You can’t wear makeup over a zit.
You totally can, as long as you don’t plan on going full-on drag. Pick makeup that’s non-comedogenic and oil-free, so it’s gentle on your skin and won’t clog pores. Still iffy about putting on your “face”? Loose, mineral powder foundation applied with a light hand should do the trick. And always, always make sure you remove all traces of makeup before you hit the sack!Also read: Nip Zits In The Bud





Source: http://ph.she.yahoo.com/debunk-acne-myths-021253292.html
 

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Discussion Starter #19
5 Surprising Ways to Get Great Skin




You may be doing some things that cause more harm than goodby Starre Vartan, Mother Nature Network

There's so much misinformation out there regarding skin care, not to mention plenty of old-wives' tales (some of which are actually right) and lots of well-intentioned bad advice. That's because skin care is tricky, and depends on your skin type. However, there are some tried and true rules - most of which violate at least a rule or two you may have heard elsewhere - that really do work for all skin types.

How have I learned the information below? From speaking with skin experts, makeup artists (natural and conventional) and testing out literally thousands of products over the last 10 years that I've been reviewing natural beauty products.

1. You don't need to wash your face with hot water to get it clean: In fact, hot water can cause redness and irritation in people with sensitive skin, and for those with normal skin, it can still dry out delicate facial skin, leaving it more susceptible to all kinds of issues, from red, flaky dermis to acne. Wash your face with mildly warm to air-temperature water. It will get the job done without irritating your skin. The same goes for the rest of your body; it may feel good to burn it up in the shower, but especially as cool weather draws closer, this is guaranteed to irritate your skin.

2. Oil is good for your skin, not bad: Many vegetable oils are old-school ways of moisturizing the skin that we have long ignored. (I can't be the only one who has heard stories of her great-grandmother lathering her hands up with olive oil and then wearing cotton gloves to bed). You can wash your face with coconut oil or slather it on after you've showered; same with sesame oil and olive oil (go with the smell you prefer). After using an oil a couple of times, you will notice that your skin - whether oily or dry - evens out and is either less oily or more naturally moisturized. Most new formulations of high-end beauty products contain skin-protecting oils because they work (use argan or sea buckthorn oils on your face if you want to start with a lighter lipid first).

Also see: 3 anti-aging products you don't need

3. You don't need to scrub to exfoliate: Scrubbing with most drug-store brand cleansing scrubs is much too harsh for most skin types (more frequent and harder face-washing can actually exacerbate acne, so lighten up). Instead of using toxin- and chemical-packed scrubs in a tube, exfoliate naturally using fruit. As long as you are not allergic (obviously), rubbing the inside skin of a fresh mango, mashed strawberries, or fresh pineapple chunks directly on your face, leaving the natural, fruit acid AHAs on there for a few minutes, then rinsing off, is the best exfoliator you can get. This method may be a little too much for extra-sensitive skin, but works well for all other skin types.

4. What matters most for healthy skin is not what you put on it, but what you eat: A healthy diet with lots of fresh fruits and veggies, lots of water (and maybe a skin-benefiting tea), minimal alcohol and plenty of sweat-drenching exercise will make skin glow more than any expensive cleanser or moisturizer. You'll feel great too.

5. Chocolate doesn't cause acne, but bread and pasta might: There have never been any conclusive studies linking chocolate-eating to acne, though there have been some that connect high-glycemic foods to breakouts.

Related stories:



Source: 5 Surprising Ways to Get Great Skin

 

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Discussion Starter #20
10 ways that smoking is making you ugly



Thinkstock Photo
When the damage is visible, you tend to be more careful about your bad habits. If cigarette could cause a visible bump on your face, you would definitely quit smoking today.
Here are 10 reasons why smoking is the biggest enemy of your looks.
  • Forever tired: You look forever tired because of the ‘bags’ under your eyes, thanks to smoking. People who smoke are four times more sleep deprived and hence tend to develop eye ‘bags’ at an early age.
  • Yellow teeth: Nicotine is responsible for the ugly yellow teeth smokers have. If you want your pearly whites to remain white you need to quit smoking. The yellow colour cannot be reversed and so you will have to live them unless you go in for teeth cleaning and whitening procedure.
  • Wrinkly you: If you smoke all the time, the blood supply that keeps your skin tissue looking healthy and supple gets hampered. Smokers tend to look 1.4 times older than non-smokers.
  • Yellow fingers and hands: Nicotine not just turns your teeth yellow but it also makes your fingers yellow. Though there are some home remedies to remove the yellow stain, wouldn’t it be great if you just quit?
  • More bad hair days: Smoking releases certain chemicals which cause damage to the DNA of your hair and this can result in weak and brittle hair. Men who smoke regularly tend lose more hair than those who don’t.
  • Scarring: The nicotine in the cigarette causes a condition called vasoconstriction, leading to narrowing of the blood vessels. The narrowed blood vessels limit the supply of oxygen-rich blood to your face, slowing down healing process. So, in case you hurt your face and end up having scars, it may take forever to heal.
  • Smoker’s face: While carbon monoxide in the cigarette smoke replaces the oxygen in your skin, nicotine hinders blood flow and this leads to dry, pale and lifeless face, also known as the smoker’s face.
  • Stretch marks: Nicotine is known to damage fibres and tissues of the skin. It also reduces the elasticity of the skin. Rapid weight gain or loss can cause stretch marks which generally fade into a line. Nicotine stops the skin from self-healing and hence the marks may never go.
  • More goodies from tooth-fairy: Severe smoking damages your teeth completely. Yellowing teeth are just a beginning; later on your teeth become extremely sensitive and may end up falling off.
  • The eye factor: Who doesn’t want an amazing vision? The time period of smoking is less important here, the amount of cigarette smoked can increase the possibility of cataracts at an early age.
So now that you all know that smoking causes wrinkles, make scars lasts, leads to loss of hair and teeth, is it not time you kicked the butt?






Source: 10 ways that smoking is making you ugly
 
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